5.7. Curves Tool

The Curves tool is the most sophisticated tool used to adjust the tonality of images.

Activate Tool

The Curves Tool can be called in the following order, from the image-menu: Tools/ Color Tools/Curves .

Adjust Color Curves

Channel

There are five options: Value for luminosity and contrast; Red, Green, and Blue for saturation; and Alpha.

Reset Channel

This button deletes all changes made to the selected channel.

Linear and Logarithmic buttons

These buttons allow to choose the Linear or Logarithmic type of the curve. You can also use the same options in Tool Options dialog.

Main Editing Area

Input and Output Value Domains: The horizontal bar (x-axis) represents input values (they are value levels from 0 to 255). The vertical bar (y-axis) is only a scale for output colors of the selected channel.

The control curve is drawn on a grid and goes from bottom left corner to top right corner. Pointer x/y position is permanently displayed in top left part of the grid. If you click on the curve, a Control point is created. You can move it to bend the curve. If you click outside of the curve, a control point is also created, and the curve includes it automatically.

So, each point of the curve represents an 'x' level, corresponding to an 'y' color. If, for example, you move a curve segment to the right, i.e to highlights, you can see that these highlights are corresponding to darker output tones and that image pixels corresponding to this curve segment will go darker. With color channels, moving right will decrease saturation ans can reach the complementary color.

To delete all control points (apart from both ends), click on the 'Initialize Channel' button. To delete only one point, move it onto another point or to grid border.

All Channels

Load: This button allows you to select a file holding curve settings.

Save: Allows you to save any curves you have set to a file that can be loaded later.

Curve Type

Smooth: This mode constrains the curve type to a smooth line with tension. It provides a more realistic render than the following.

Free: You can draw your curve free-hand with the mouse. With curve segments scattered all over the grid, result will be surprising, but poorly repeatable.

Preview

The Preview button makes all changes to the levels dynamically so that the new level settings can be viewed immediately.

Tool Options dialog

Histogram Scale

See Linear and Logarithmic buttons in Adjust Color Curves dialog.

Sample Average

FIXME