PostgreSQL 7.4.7 Documentation | ||||
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Geometric data types represent two-dimensional spatial objects. Table 8-16 shows the geometric types available in PostgreSQL. The most fundamental type, the point, forms the basis for all of the other types.

**Table 8-16. Geometric Types**

Name | Storage Size | Representation | Description |
---|---|---|---|

point | 16 bytes | Point on the plane | (x,y) |

line | 32 bytes | Infinite line (not fully implemented) | ((x1,y1),(x2,y2)) |

lseg | 32 bytes | Finite line segment | ((x1,y1),(x2,y2)) |

box | 32 bytes | Rectangular box | ((x1,y1),(x2,y2)) |

path | 16+16n bytes | Closed path (similar to polygon) | ((x1,y1),...) |

path | 16+16n bytes | Open path | [(x1,y1),...] |

polygon | 40+16n bytes | Polygon (similar to closed path) | ((x1,y1),...) |

circle | 24 bytes | Circle | <(x,y),r> (center and radius) |

A rich set of functions and operators is available to perform various geometric operations such as scaling, translation, rotation, and determining intersections. They are explained in Section 9.9.

Points are the fundamental two-dimensional building block for geometric types.
Values of type `point` are specified using the following syntax:

(,x)y,xy

where ` x` and

Line segments (`lseg`) are represented by pairs of points.
Values of type `lseg` are specified using the following syntax:

( (,x1) , (y1,x2) ) (y2,x1) , (y1,x2)y2,x1,y1,x2y2

where
`(x1,y1)`
and

Boxes are represented by pairs of points that are opposite
corners of the box.
Values of type `box` is specified using the following syntax:

( (,x1) , (y1,x2) ) (y2,x1) , (y1,x2)y2,x1,y1,x2y2

where
`(x1,y1)`
and

Boxes are output using the first syntax. The corners are reordered on input to store the upper right corner, then the lower left corner. Other corners of the box can be entered, but the lower left and upper right corners are determined from the input and stored corners.

Paths are represented by connected sets of points. Paths can be
*open*, where
the first and last points in the set are not connected, and *closed*,
where the first and last point are connected. The functions
`popen(`

and
` p`)

`pclose(`*p*)

are supplied to force a path to be open or closed, and the functions
`isopen(`*p*)

and
`isclosed(`*p*)

are supplied to test for either type in an expression.
Values of type `path` are specified using the following syntax:

( (,x1) , ... , (y1,xn) ) [ (yn,x1) , ... , (y1,xn) ] (yn,x1) , ... , (y1,xn) (yn,x1, ... ,y1,xn)yn,x1, ... ,y1,xnyn

where the points are the end points of the line segments
comprising the path. Square brackets (`[]`) indicate
an open path, while parentheses (`()`) indicate a
closed path.

Paths are output using the first syntax.

Polygons are represented by sets of points. Polygons should probably be considered equivalent to closed paths, but are stored differently and have their own set of support routines.

Values of type `polygon` are specified using the following syntax:

( (,x1) , ... , (y1,xn) ) (yn,x1) , ... , (y1,xn) (yn,x1, ... ,y1,xn)yn,x1, ... ,y1,xnyn

where the points are the end points of the line segments comprising the boundary of the polygon.

Polygons are output using the first syntax.

Circles are represented by a center point and a radius.
Values of type `circle` are specified using the following syntax:

< (,x) ,y> ( (r,x) ,y) (r,x) ,yr,x,yr

where
`(x,y)`
is the center and

Circles are output using the first syntax.